What is a colonoscopy?
A colonoscopy is a routine and commonly performed procedure, in which a highly trained doctor (called a gastroenterologist) will insert a colonoscope (a ﬂexible tube containing a camera at the tip) into the rectum and colon (large intestine), to carefully inspect the colon. The scope is about the width of your ﬁnger, and the procedure is typically painless, as patients are sedated. A typical colonoscopy takes about 20-30 minutes.
Why is a colonoscopy recommended?
The most common reason to have a colonoscopy is as a screening test for colon (and rectal) cancer. Colonoscopy can also be useful for the evaluation of conditions, such as bleeding, chronic diarrhea and anemia (low blood counts), polyps.
- What are the risks of co You must arrive at your given location one (1) hour before your scheduled procedure time. Your entire stay will be between 2 to 3 hours.
mplications of colonoscopy?
Colonoscopy is a safe and routine procedure but occasional may carry some minor risks. The most serious complication is a perforation, or a tear of the wall of the colon, in some cases, this might require emergency surgery. Bleeding is another possible complication. which can occur at the site where a polyp is removed (or biopsied). Bleeding typically stops on its own, but may require further treatments (including blood transfusions).
Before your procedure and during the preparation
- Patients are usually given diet instructions and aperients to enable them clear the bowel appropriately. Ensure you follow the instructions received during booking.
- You may need a lubricant such as petroleum jelly around the anus to reduce irritation when passing many bowel movements.
- Drink lots of water to prevent dehydration.
- Feelings of bloating, nausea, abdominal cramping or chills are common and should not discourage the bowel preparation.
- If you develop severe nausea or vomiting, stop drinking the bowel prep for 30 minutes, and then start again once you are feeling better.
What do I expect during the procedure?
You must arrive at your given location one (1) hour before your scheduled procedure time. Your entire stay will be between 2 to 3 hours.
Patients receive a sedative and a pain killer during the procedure. Most patients are very comfortable and experience no pain, and have no memory of the procedure. Any form of sedation does carry risks (of breathing and heart problems) but these risks are very low with no record of fatality in our practice.
What can I expect after a colonoscopy?
You will be monitored closely in the recovery area as the sedatives wear off. Few people may experience some feeling of cramps and bloating and may pass out air to feel better. Because sedatives may impair your judgment and coordination, you will be required to have someone drive you home.